Thanks goes to the 45 authors of studies included in this book who graciously reviewed my summaries for accuracy (43 of their names are listed below, and two authors asked to remain anonymous).  I very much appreciate the assistance of these authors.  Importantly, however, the views expressed in this book do not represent those of the authors acknowledged below, nor do these authors vouch for the accuracy of the information; any mistakes are my own.


Dr. William C. Knowler, Diabetes Prevention Program Writing Committee for: Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin.  N Engl J Med. 2002 Feb 7;346(6):393-403.

Dr. Frank M. Sacks, first author of: Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates.  N Engl J Med. 2009;360:859-73.

Dr. Charles H. Hennekens, Principle Investigator of the Physicians' Health Study Research Group and Chairman of the Steering Committee for: Final report on the aspirin component of the ongoing Physicians’ Health Study.  N Engl J Med. 1989 Jul 20;321(3):129-35.

Dr. Paul M. Ridker, first author of: A randomized trial of low-dose aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in women.  N Engl J Med. 2005 Mar 31;352(13):1293-304.

Dr. Rowan T. Chlebowski, member of the Women’s Health Initiative Steering Committee for: Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results from the Women’s Health Initiative randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2002 Jul 17;288(3):321-33.

Dr. Fritz H. Schröder, first author of: Prostate-cancer mortality at 11 years of follow-up. N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 15;366(11):981-90.

Dr. Debra S. Echt, first author of: Mortality and morbidity in patients receiving encainide, flecainide, or placebo.  N Engl J Med. 1991 Mar 21;324(12):781-788.

Dr. William C. Cushman, member of the ALLHAT Group Steering Committee for: Major outcomes in high-risk hypertensive patients randomized to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or calcium channel blocker vs diuretic: The antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment to prevent heart attack trial (ALLHAT).  JAMA. 2002 Dec 18;288(23):2981-97.

Dr. Paul M. Ridker, Principle Investigator, Trial Chair, and first author of: Rosuvastatin to prevent vascular events in men and women with elevated C-reactive protein.  N Engl J Med. 2008 Nov 20;359(21):2195-2207.

Dr. Brian Olshanksy, member of the AFFIRM investigators for: A comparison of rate control and rhythm control in patients with atrial fibrillation.  N Engl J Med. 2002 Dec 5;347(23):1825-33.

Dr. Isabelle C. Van Gelder, Chair of the Writing Committee and Chair of the Steering Committee for the RACE II Study Group, and first author of: Lenient vs. strict rate control in patients with atrial fibrillation.  N Engl J Med. 2010 Apr 15;362(15):1363-73.

Dr. John Wikstrand, co-author of: Effects of controlled-release metoprolol on total mortality, hospitalizations, and well-being in patients with heart failure: The metoprolol CR/XL randomized intervention trial in congestive heart failure.  JAMA. 2000;283(10):1295-1302.

Dr. William E. Boden, co-chair for the COURAGE Trial Research Group, and first author of: Optimal medical therapy with or without PCI for stable coronary disease.  N Engl J Med. 2007 Apr 12;356(15):1503-16.

Dr. Anne L. Taylor, Chair of the A-HeFT Steering Committee and first author of: Combination of isosorbide dinitrate and hydralazine in blacks with heart failure.  N Engl J Med. 2004 Nov 11;351(20):2049-2056.

Dr. Emanuel Rivers, first author of: Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock.  N Engl J Med. 2001 Nov 8;345(19):1368-77.

Dr. Paul C. Hébert, first author of: A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care.  N Engl J Med. 1999 Feb 11;340(6):409-17.

Dr. Christian Richard, first author of: Early use of the pulmonary artery catheter and outcomes in patients with shock and acute respiratory distress syndrome.  JAMA. 2003 Nov 26;290(20):2713-2720.

Corine van Marrewijk, first author of: Effect and cost-effectiveness of step-up vs. step-down treatment with antacids, H2-receptor antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors in patients with new onset dyspepsia (DIAMOND study): a primary-care-based randomized controlled trial.  The Lancet. 2009 Jan 17;373:215-225.

Dr. Dwight E. Moulin, first author of: Randomised trial of oral morphine for chronic non-cancer pain.  Lancet. 1996;347:143-147.

Dr. Philip J. Devereaux, first author of: Effects of extended-release metoprolol succinate in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (POISE trial): a randomised controlled trial.  Lancet. 2008 May 31;371(9627):1839-47.

Dr. Patrick W. Serruys, first author of: Percutaneous coronary intervention vs. coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease.  N Engl J Med. 2009 Mar 5;360(10):961-972.

Professor Alison Halliday, Principle Investigator for the MRC Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST) Collaborative Group and first author of: Prevention of disabling and fatal strokes by successful carotid endarterectomy in patients without recent neurological symptoms: randomized controlled trial.  Lancet. 2004 May 8;363(9420):1491-502.

Dr. Robert B. Litchfield, co-author of: A randomized trial of arthroscopic surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee.  N Engl J Med. 2008 Sep 11;359(11):1097-107.

Professor Jeremy Fairbank, first author of: Randomised controlled trial to compare surgical stabilization of the lumbar spine with an intensive rehabilitation programme for patients with chronic lower back pain: the MRC spine stabilisation trial.  BMJ. 2005 May 28;330(7502):1233.

Dr. Bernard Fisher, first author of: Twenty-year follow-up of a randomized trial comparing total mastectomy, lumpectomy, and lumpectomy plus irradiation for the treatment of invasive breast cancer.  N Engl J Med. 2002 Oct 17;347(16):1233-1241.

Dr. Lars Sjöström, first author of: Effects of bariatric surgery on mortality in Swedish obese subjects.  N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug 23;357(8):741-52.

Dr. Alejandro Hoberman, first author of: Treatment of acute otitis media in children under 2 years of age.  N Engl J Med. 2011; 364(2):105-115.

Dr. Jack L. Paradise, first author of: Effect of early or delayed insertion of tympanostomy tubes for persistent otitis media on developmental outcomes at the age of three years.  N Engl J Med. 2001 Apr 19;344(16):1179-1187.

Dr. Paul M. O'Byrne, co-author of: Early intervention with budesonide in mild persistent asthma: a randomized, double-blind trial.  Lancet. 2003 Mar 29;361:1071-1076.

Dr. Peter S. Jensen, a Principal Collaborator for the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Cooperative Group and the corresponding author for: A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.  Arch Gen Psychiatry.  1999;56:1073-1086.

Dr. Kreesten Meldgaard Madsen, first author of: A population-based study of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and autism.  N Engl J Med.  2002 Nov 347;19: 1477-1482.

Dr. Jeffrey (Jerry) G. Jarvik, first author of: Rapid magnetic resonance imaging vs radiographs for patients with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2003;289(21):2810-2718.

Dr. Frans J Th Wackers, Principal Investigator and Chair of DIAD and senior author of: Cardiac outcomes after screening for asymptomatic coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: the DIAD study: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2009 Apr 15;301(15):1547-55.

Dr. Menno V. Huisman, corresponding author of: Effectiveness of managing suspected pulmonary embolism using an algorithm combining clinical probability, D-dimer testing, and computed tomography.  JAMA. 2006 Jan 11;295(2):172-9.

Dr. Nathan Kuppermann, first author of: Identification of children at very low risk of clinically-important brain injuries after head trauma: a prospective cohort study.  The Lancet. 2009;374:1160-1170.

Dr. Werner Hacke, Chair of the Steering Committee for the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) and first author of: Thrombolysis with alteplase 3 to 4.5 hours after acute ischemic stroke.  NEJM. 2008 Sep 25;359(13):1317-1329.

Dr. Herbert C. Schulberg, first author of: Treating major depression in primary care practice.  Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996;53:913-919.

Dr. Charles M. Morin, first author of: Behavioral and pharmacological therapies for late-life insomnia: A randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 1999;281(11):991-999.

Dr. Robert Reid, first author of: The Group Health medical home at year two: cost savings, higher patient satisfaction, and less burnout for providers.  Health Aff (Millwood). 2010 May;29(5):835-43.

Dr. Brian Jack, first author of: A reengineered hospital discharge program to decrease rehospitalization.  Annals of Internal Medicine. 2009;150:178-187.

Dr. Peter Pronovost, first author of: An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU.  N Engl J Med. 2006 Dec 28;355(26):2725-32.

Dr. Jennifer S. Temel, first author of: Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.  N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19;363(8):733-42.

Dr. C. Patrick Chaulk, first author of: Eleven years of community-based directly observed therapy for tuberculosis.  JAMA.  1995;274:945-951.